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Population and Settlements

Population: regional and national context

 

As of 2007 Census, Lanao del Norte including Iligan City has a population of 846,329.  This accounts for 30.6% of the regional population and less than one percent of the national population (Table 3.4) The province ranks third among the Region X provinces next to Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon. Its population grew at annual growth rate of 1.53%, lower than the regional growth rate of 1.76% but higher than the national growth rate of 1.48%. If its 2000-2007 growth rate remains the same over time, Lanao del Norte will double its population in 44 years or in 2051.

 

Table 1.  Population, Annual Population Growth Rate, By Province, Region X,   Philippines, 2000 & 2007

Province

Pop 2000

Pop 2007

Pop 2007 % Share

APGR    2000-2007

 

Bukidnon

1,060,415

1,190,284

43.1%

1.66%

Camiguin

74,232

81,293

2.9%

1.31%

Lanao del Norte

758,123

846,329

30.6%

1.53%

Misamis Oriental

1,126,215

1,302,851

47.2%

2.10%

Misamis Occidental

486,723

531,680

19.2%

1.27%

Region X

2,445,293

2,762,153

100.0%

1.76%

Philippines

76,498,735

88,574,614

0.96%

1.48%

Source: NSO

 

Lanao del Norte has a population density of 221 persons/sq km.  in 2007 which is lower than the regional average of 289 persons/sq km.   It is second to Bukidnon which has the lowest population density owing to its vast land area.

 

Table 2.   Population and Population Density, By Province, Region X, Philippines, 2000 & 2007

Province

Pop 2000

Pop 2007

Density  2000

Density  2007

Area(sqkm)

Area  %

 

Bukidnon

1,060,415

1,190,284

124

140

8,519

89.2%

Camiguin

74,232

81,293

299

327

249

2.6%

Lanao del Norte

758,123

846,329

198

221

3,825

40.1%

Misamis Oriental

1,126,215

1,302,851

318

367

3,547

37.1%

Misamis Occidental

486,723

531,680

252

276

1,928

20.2%

Region X

2,445,293

2,762,153

256

289

9,548

100.0%

Philippines

76,498,735

88,574,614

260

301

294,554

Source:  NSO

Population size and distribution

 

 

Iligan, the lone city in the province, has a total population of 308,046 in 2007 comprising 36.4% of the total provincial population. Iligan City has the second largest population next to Cagayan de Oro City among the cities in the region.

 

Table 3. Region X Cities with Population > 100,000, 2007

City

Population  (2007)

% Share

Cagayan de Oro City

Iligan City

Valencia

Malaybalay

Ozamis

Gingoog

553,966

308,046

162,745

144,065

123,137

112,247

39

22

12

10

9

8

Source: NSO

 

Iligan City is the largest settlement in the province being a highly urbanized city.  The municipalities of Lala, Kapatagan, Sultan Naga Dimaporo, Tubod, and Baloi are the largest settlements after Iligan City.  These large settlements aggregately accounts for 64.9% of the provincial population. The rest of the population is distributed among the eighteen other municipalities with Tangkal having the smallest share (9,351 or 1.1%) in the total provincial population.

 

Eight municipalities including Iligan showed a decrease on their population share while four other municipalities posted a steady share in the provincial total population.

 

Growth Rates

Within the province, 10 municipalities posted growth rates of less than 1% since 2000. The largest increase was experienced by Kauswagan with a net increase of 0.7%. Kauswagan had five barangays with zero population in 2000 due to mass evacuation in the height of hostilities between government forces and rebel secessionists.

The coastal municipalities of Kauswagan, Bacolod and Kapatagan are also among the fastest growing municipalities for the reason that most of their barangays are still located in the interior parts of the province.

Table 4.  Population Distribution and Population Share by City/ Municipality, Lanao del Norte 2000 and 2007

City/ Municipality

Pop

Pop

Pop

Pop

2000

2000

2007

2007

% Share

% Share

Iligan City

285,061

37.6

308,046

36.4

Bacolod

17,020

2.2

19,872

2.3

Baloi

38,534

5.1

44,366

5.2

Baroy

20,392

2.7

21,430

2.5

Kapatagan

42,783

5.6

49,134

5.8

Kauswagan

15,364

2.0

23,087

2.7

Kolambugan

24,180

3.2

25,306

3.0

Lala

56,447

7.4

58,395

6.9

Linamon

14,959

2.0

16,340

1.9

Magsaysay

11,218

1.5

12,298

1.5

Maigo

17,826

2.4

18,706

2.2

Matungao

9,266

1.2

9,984

1.2

Munai

15,972

2.1

20,594

2.4

Nunungan

12,205

1.6

13,999

1.7

Pantao Ragat

16,474

1.7

20,097

2.4

Pantar

12,826

2.1

15,720

1.9

Poona-Piagapo

16,092

2.2

19,818

2.3

Salvador

17,055

2.2

23,222

2.7

Sapad

15,167

2.0

17,191

2.0

SND (Karomatan)

41,865

5.5

46,004

5.4

Tagoloan

8,233

1.1

9,274

1.1

Tangkal

6,117

0.8

9,351

1.1

Tubod

43,067

5.7

44,095

5.2

Lanao del Norte

758,123

100.0

846,329

100

Source of Basic Data: NSO

 

 

The municipality of Tubod, as seat of the provincial government, has the lowest APGR since the community can easily access health services including family planning services.

 

It can be noted also that municipalities with APGR lower than the province are located along the coast with regular medical officers and Sentrong Sigla accredited Rural Health Units with the exemption of Sultan Naga Dimaporo and Matungao.

 

The following municipalities are growing faster than the province: Tangkal (6.03), Kauswagan (5.78), Salvador(4.35), Munai (3.57), Poona-Piagapo (2.91), Pantar (2.85), Pantao-Ragat (2.78), Bacolod (2.16), Baloi (1.96), Kapatagan (1.93), Nunungan (1.91), Sapad (1.74) and Tagoloan (1.66). On the other hand, the following municipalities are growing slower than the province: Sultan Naga Dimaporo (1.31), Magsaysay (1.28), Linamon (1.23), Matungao (1.03), Baroy (0.69), Maigo (0.67), Kolambugan (0.63), Lala (0.47) and Tubod (0.33).

 

Municipalities which are growing faster than the provincial levels are mostly in the interior which is dominated by Muslim communities.

 

 

Table 5. Population Size and Annual Population Growth Rate by City/Municipality, Lanao del Norte, 2000-2007

City/

Pop

Pop

APGR

Municipality

2000

2007

2000-2007

Iligan City

285,061

308,046

1.08

Bacolod

17,020

19,872

2.16

Baloi

38,534

44,366

1.96

Baroy

20,392

21,430

0.69

Kapatagan

42,783

49,134

1.93

Kauswagan

15,364

23,087

5.78

Kolambugan

24,180

25,306

0.63

Lala

56,447

58,395

0.47

Linamon

14,959

16,340

1.23

Magsaysay

11,218

12,298

1.28

Maigo

17,826

18,706

0.67

Matungao

9,266

9,984

1.03

Munai

15,972

20,594

3.57

Nunungan

12,205

13,999

1.91

Pantao Ragat

16,474

20,097

2.78

Pantar

12,826

15,720

2.85

Poona-Piagapo

16,092

19,818

2.91

Salvador

17,055

23,222

4.35

Sapad

15,167

17,191

1.74

SND (Karomatan)

41,865

46,004

1.31

Tagoloan

8,233

9,274

1.66

Tangkal

6,117

9,351

6.03

Tubod

43,067

44,095

0.33

Lanao del Norte

758,123

846,329

1.53

Source: NSO

 

 

Population Density

In 2007, the province has a population density of 221 or an increase of 23 persons per square kilometer as against the 2000 figure.  Among the municipalities  Linamon has the highest population density of 705 persons/sq. km while the municipality of Nunungan has the lowest at 29 persons/ sq. km owing to its large land area which is the biggest in the province. The provincial, regional and national average densities are 221, 289 and 301, respectively.

 

Other municipalities with population densities substantially higher than the provincial average are Baloi (562), Lala (416), Kauswagan (382), Pantar (252), Baroy (268), Kapatagan (261), Tubod (244) Pantao Ragat (223)

 

The density maps show that there are no changes on population densities in all coastal municipalities. Significant increases in density from 2000-2007 are particularly noticeable in the municipalities of Kauswagan, Baloi, Pantar, Linamon, Pantao Ragat, Poona Piagapo and Salvador.

 

The municipalities of Salvador, Baloi, Kauswagan, Pantar, Linamon, Pantao Ragat and Poona Piagapo are the fastest growing and have high density settlements, while the municipalities of Baroy, Kapatagan, Lala, Matungao and Tubod are slow growing but have high density settlements.

 

Municipalities with low densities but are fast growing are Bacolod, Munai, Sapad, Sultan Naga Dimaporo, Tagoloan and Tangcal while Kolambugan, Magsaysay, Maigo and Nunungan have low density settlements and are slow growing.

 

The chart below summarizes the densities vis-à-vis growth rates in population:

 

FAST GROWTH SLOW GROWTH
HIGH DENSITY Salvador

Baloi

Kauswagan

Pantar

Linamon

Pantao Ragat

Poona Piagapo

 

Baroy

Kapatagan

Lala

Matungao

Tubod

LOW DENSITY Bacolod

Munai

Sapad

Sultan Naga Dimaporo

Tagoloan

Tangcal

 

 

Kolambugan

Magsaysay

Maigo

Nunungan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 6.  Population Size and Population Density by City/Municipality,  Lanao del Norte, 2000 & 2007

City/

Municipality

Pop

2000

Pop

2007

Density

2007

Area

(sq. km)

Density

2000

Iligan City

281,498

304,024

2123

2293

132.63

Bacolod

17,020

19,872

163

191

104.10

Baloi

38,534

44,366

488

562

78.89

Baroy

20,392

21,430

255

268

80.09

Kapatagan

42,783

49,134

228

261

187.92

Kauswagan

15,364

23,087

254

382

60.38

Kolambugan

24,180

25,306

180

188

134.55

Lala

56,447

58,395

402

416

140.25

Linamon

14,959

16,340

645

705

23.19

Magsaysay

11,218

12,298

93

102

120.99

Maigo

17,826

18,706

147

154

121.30

Mandulog

3,563

4,022

4

5

809.54

Matungao

9,266

9,984

205

221

45.26

Munai

15,972

20,594

75

97

212.18

Nunungan

12,205

13,999

25

29

486.25

Pantao Ragat

16,474

20,097

183

223

90.10

Pantar

12,826

15,720

287

352

44.68

Poona-Piagapo

16,092

19,818

168

207

95.72

Salvador

17,055

23,222

150

204

113.99

Sapad

15,167

17,191

108

123

140.03

SND (Karomatan)

41,865

46,004

167

184

250.55

Tagoloan

8,233

9,274

160

181

51.30

Tangkal

6,117

9,351

51

78

120.29

Tubod

43,067

44,095

238

244

180.61

Lanao del Norte

758,123

846,329

198

221

3824.79

Source:  PPDO

Other Characteristics

 

Age and Sex Distribution. The age-sex pyramid of Lanao del Norte’s population in 2000 depicts an expansive profile, implying a relatively young population.  It has a shape of a cone with a very wide base starting at the age level of 5-9 years.  About 41.96% of the population were under 15 years of age.  The peak portion represents the old age population which comprises about 2.39%.  (See Figure 2).

In terms of sex structure, the province has a fairly balanced distribution of male and female population at 50.28 percent and 49.72, respectively. The sex ratio (number of males for every 100 females) of the province is 101.1 in 2000, which means that there are 101 males for every 100 females.

 

Table 7.  Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio, Lanao  del  Norte, CY 2000

Age Group

%

Share

Total Population

Male

Female

Sex Ratio

Lanao del Norte

100

473,062

237,866

235,196

101.1

Under 1

2.1

9,782

4,906

4,876

100.6

1 to 4

11.0

52,005

25,980

26,025

99.8

5 to 9

14.7

69,382

35,170

34,212

102.8

10 to 14

12.9

61,168

30,838

30,330

101.7

15 to 19

11.2

53,152

26,620

26,532

100.3

20 to 24

8.8

41,850

20,702

21,148

97.9

25 to 29

7.6

35,881

17,637

18,244

96.7

30 to 34

6.7

31,529

15,813

15,716

100.6

35 to 39

6.2

29,241

14,801

14,440

102.5

40 to 44

5.1

24,217

12,274

11,943

102.8

45 to 49

4.2

19,673

10,101

9,572

105.5

50 to 54

2.9

13,909

7,299

6,610

110.4

55 to 59

2.1

9,804

5,017

4,787

104.8

60 to 64

1.8

8,520

4,321

4,199

102.9

65 to 69

1.2

5,637

2,839

2,798

101.5

70 to 74

0.8

3,649

1,833

1,816

101.2

75 to 79

0.4

1,878

909

969

93.6

80 & Over

0.4

1,785

806

979

82.2

Source:  NSO

 

Age-Dependency Ratio. The percentage of the provincial population belonging to age group 0-14 years declined by 1.32% from 41.97% in 1995 to 40.65% in 2000. The percentage in the productive age group (15-64 years) increased by 0.95 percentage point from 55.65% in 1995 to 56.60 in 2000.  The percentage belonging to the oldest age group (65 and over) slightly increased from 2.38% in 1995 to 2.74% in 2000.  As a result of the decrease in the percentage of the population age 0-14 and only a slight increase in the percentage of 15-64 years age grouping the dependency ratio dropped by 3.04 percentage point from 79.70% in 1995 to 76.66% in 2000.

 

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 76.66%.  This means that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 77 dependents (72 persons aged 0 to 14 – young dependents; and 5 persons aged 65 and over – old dependents).

 

Table 8. Age-Dependency Ratio, Lanao del Norte, CY 1995 and 2000

1995

2000

Increase/Decrease

(Percentage point)

Total dependents

Population 0-14 yrs.Old

Population 65 yrs & over

41.97

2.38

40.65

2.74

(1.32)

0.36

Working Population

Population 15-64 yrs. Old

55.65

56.60

0.95

Total Dependency Ratio

Young Dependency Ratio

Old Dependency Ratio

79.70

75.42

4.28

76.66

71.82

4.84

(3.04)

(3.6)

0.56

Source:  NSO

 

 

Voting Population. There were 249,229 persons or 52.88 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population (18 years old and over), 125,022 composed of  125,022 males and 124,207 females, as of 2000 Census of Population.

Religious Affiliation. Roman Catholic has the most adherents in terms of  religious affiliation in Lanao del Norte comprising 55.7% of the total household population.  Other affiliations are Islam with 35.9%; Aglipayan, 1.2%; Iglesia ni Cristo, 1.0% and UCCP 0.9%.  The remaining 5.2% were from other religious affiliations that include Seventh Day Adventist, Protestant congregations and others.

 

Table 9.        Household Population by Religious Affiliation and Sex, Lanao del Norte, CY 2000

Religious Affiliation

%

Share

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Provincial Total

100

472,646

237,553

235,093

 

Roman Catholic

55.7

 

263,090

 

134,520

 

128,570

Aglipayan

1.2

5,890

2,999

2,891

Islam

35.9

169,823

83,010

86,813

Iglesia ni Kristo

1.0

4,911

2,495

2,416

United Church of Christ in the Phils (UCCP)

0.9

4,122

2,079

2,043

Others

5.2

24,810

12,450

12,360

Source: NSO

Ethnicity. The Maranaos represent the most numerous ethnic group in the province.  Of the 472,646 household population in Lanao del Norte, 35.8% are Maranaos.  Other ethnic groups included Cebuano (33.3%), Bisaya/Binisaya (27.1%), and Boholano (1.4%).  The remaining 1.7% consider themselves as belonging to other ethnic groups.

 

 

Table 10.   Ethnicity of Household Population by Sex, Lanao del Norte, CY 2000

Ethnicity

%

Share

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Provincial Total

100.0

472,646

237,553

235,093

Bisaya/Binisaya

27.1

128,202

65,246

62,956

Boholano

1.4

6,681

3,372

3,309

Cebuano

33.3

157,257

80,281

76,976

Hiligaynon, Ilonggo

0.7

3,510

1,864

1,646

Maranao

35.8

169,191

82,723

86,468

Others

1.7

7,805

4067

3,738

Source: NSO

Language or Dialect Spoken. Bisaya/Binisaya is the most widely used dialect in the area.  About 38.8 percent of its people speak Bisaya/Binisaya.  Maranao comes next with 31.6 percent of the total household of 90,091.  Most of the people are either Roman Catholics or Muslims.

 

Table 11. Language or Dialect Generally Spoken in the Households,  Lanao del Norte, CY 2000

Language/Dialect

Number of Households

% Share

Provincial Total

90,091

100

 

Bisaya/Binisaya

34,971

38.8

Boholano

270

0.3

Cebuano

24,482

27.2

Ibanag

799

0.9

Maranao

28,507

31.6

Others

1,062

1.2

Source: NSO

 

 

Marital Status. Of the household population 10 years old and over, 46.88 percent are married and 45.36 percent are still single.  The remaining 7.76 percent are either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Table 12. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status, CY 2000

Age Group

Total Population 10yrs. Old & Over

Single

Married

Widowed

Divorce/

Separated

Others

Un known

Total

341,893

155,066

160,283

13,483

2,614

8,656

1,791

Below 20

114,320

108,246

3,693

191

86

1,042

1,062

20 – 24

41,850

27,044

12,623

162

195

1,506

320

25 – 29

35,881

10,756

23,011

273

325

1,379

137

30 – 34

31,529

4,130

25,300

473

372

1,175

79

35 – 39

29,241

2,027

25,057

688

389

1,049

31

40 – 44

24,217

1,019

21,011

1,037

328

793

29

45 – 49

19,673

658

16,743

1,298

305

644

25

50 – 54

13,909

408

11,426

1,415

199

433

28

55 – 59

9,805

257

7,620

1,490

143

277

17

60 – 64

8,519

203

6,277

1,725

129

165

21

65 – 69

5,637

136

3,750

1,589

63

89

10

70 – 74

3,649

89

2,152

1,306

47

44

11

75 – 79

1,878

37

904

881

14

35

7

80 & Over

1,785

56

716

955

19

25

14

Source: NSO

Population Projection

 

Between 2000 -2007, the province’s population grew at an annual rate of 1.53 percent.  Applying the geometric formula for computing growth rate, the projected population of the province for 2013 would be 927,055. This represents an additional population of 80,726 from the 2007 level and translates to a population density of 242 persons per square kilometer.

Table 13.   Estimated Population, Density, Additional Population at the End of the Plan Period

City/

Municipality

Pop

2000

Pop

2007

APGR

2000-2007

%

Area

(sq km)

Density

2007

APGR Factor

2000-2007

Est

Pop

2013

Est

Density

2013

Add’l

Pop

2008-2013

Iligan City

285,061

308,046

1.08

942.17

379

1.067

328,554

404

20,508

Bacolod

17,020

19,872

2.16

104.10

191

1.137

22,591

217

2,719

Baloi

38,534

44,366

1.96

78.89

562

1.124

49,846

551

5,480

Baroy

20,392

21,430

0.69

80.09

268

1.042

22,333

309

903

Kapatagan

42,783

49,134

1.93

187.92

261

1.122

55,105

227

5,971

Kauswagan

15,364

23,087

5.78

60.38

382

1.401

32,344

536

9,257

Kolambugan

24,180

25,306

0.63

134.55

186

1.038

26,278

195

972

Lala

56,447

58,395

0.47

140.25

416

1.029

60,061

428

1,666

Linamon

14,959

16,340

1.23

23.19

705

1.076

17,584

230

1,244

Magsaysay

11,218

12,298

1.28

120.99

102

1.079

13,273

87

975

Maigo

17,826

18,706

0.67

121.30

154

1.041

19,471

160

765

Matungao

9,266

9,984

1.03

45.26

221

1.063

10,617

232

633

Munai

15,972

20,594

3.57

212.18

97

1.234

25,418

129

4,824

Nunungan

12,205

13,999

1.91

486.25

29

1.120

15,682

33

1,683

Pantao Ragat

16,474

20,097

2.78

90.10

223

1.179

23,691

191

3,594

Pantar

12,826

15,720

2.85

44.68

352

1.184

18,607

264

2,887

Poona-Piagapo

16,092

19,818

2.91

95.72

207

1.188

23,540

91

3,722

Salvador

17,055

23,222

4.35

113.99

4204

1.291

29,982

566

6,760

Sapad

15,167

17,191

1.74

140.03

123

1.109

19,066

741

1,875

SND (Karomatan)

41,865

46,004

1.31

250.55

184

1.081

49,740

699

3,736

Tagoloan

8,233

9,274

1.66

51.30

181

1.104

10,237

147

963

Tangkal

6,117

9,351

6.03

120.29

78

1.421

13,287

74

3,936

Tubod

43,067

44,095

0.33

180.61

244

1.020

44,975

182

880

Lanao del Norte

758,123

846,329

1.53

3824.29

221

1.095

927,055

242

80,726

Source of Basic Data:  NSO

 

 

 

Existing Settlement Hierarchy

 

Lanao del Norte’s existing settlement pattern is a three-level hierarchy, the highest level is that of a sub-regional center. The next two levels are urbanizing centers and medium-small town categories.

 

The Metro-Iligan Area, consisting of Iligan City, the municipality of Linamon and parts of Baloi can be categorized as a sub-regional center.  These areas have a combined population greater than 300,000

and approximately one third of which are urban population. With Iligan City as its core and the operation of theMetro Iligan Regional Agro-industrial Center (MIRAIC), Metro Iligan can adequately perform its role as international production and distribution center.

 

The municipal clusters of Tubod, Baroy, Lala and Kapatagan are considered small urban centers in the hierarchy of settlements. With the opening up of secondary arterial roads connecting Lanao del Norte to adjacent provinces, these municipalities serve as center of commerce and trade between the provinces of Zamboanga del Sur and the mainland provinces in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).