Lanao del Norte is situated in Northern Mindanao, along the northwest and southwest coast of the Mindanao Island. Its boundaries include Iligan Bay on the North, the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon to the East, Illana Bay and the Celebes Sea to the South and Southwest, and the province of Zamboanga del Sur and Panguil Bay to the West, with the province of Misamis Occidental on the opposite side of Panguil Bay.
The province is a land bridge that links Western Mindanao to Central and Eastern Mindanao. Pagadian, Ozamis, Tangub, Marawi, and Iligan are the nearby cities within the radius of Lanao del Norte. One can reach Lanao del Norte through Cagayan de Oro or Ozamis airports. The travel time by road is 90mins from Cagayan de Oro and 30 mins from Ozamis (by crossing Panguil Bay via barge).